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Alfred Nobel (1833-1896) was a Swedish scientist and weapon manufacturer. He is best known for the invention of dynamite (an explosive) and for starting the Nobel Prize awards. He left instructions in his will that his money should found the Nobel Prize. He made this decision after reading an article in a French newspaper that called him the "merchant of death" and said that he would be remembered for his invention of dynamite and its ability to kill more people than ever before. He left 31 million kronor (the Swedish currency) to the awards. He died two weeks after adding the part stating the prize in his will. The first Nobel Prizes were for physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and peace.
The Apollo program (or Project Apollo) was a project by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The goal was to send a man to explore the Moon and bring him safe home to Earth. It was started by U.S. President John F. Kennedy in 1961. The first person to walk on the Moon was Neil Armstrong of Apollo 11 on June 20, 1969.
One reason the program started was that the Soviet Union was the first country to send a person into outer space. Since this was during the Cold War, many in the U.S. thought that the U.S. needed to stay ahead of the USSR in space exploration.
The Apollo program ended in 1972. After that, NASA began to work on the Space Shuttle program, the International Space Station, and many unmanned space exploration projects.Apollo - hledat v googlu: Apollo, obrázky v googlu: Apollo
Hollywood is a district in Los Angeles, California. It is famous around the world as a place where movies and television shows are made. It has many different attractions such as the Hollywood Walk of Fame, Universal Studios and the famous Hollywood Sign. The word Hollywood can also mean the movie industry that is in Hollywood. Many tourists come to the area.
Many historic Hollywood theaters are used as venues and concert stages to premiere major theatrical releases and host the Academy Awards. It is a popular destination for nightlife and tourism and home to the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
The Hollywood Walk of Fame was created in 1958 and the first star was placed in 1960. It is a sidewalk along the Hollywood Boulevard. There are more than 2000 five-point stars on the walk featuring the names of artists working in the entertainment industry.Hollywood - hledat v googlu: Hollywood, obrázky v googlu: Hollywood
Charles Dickens (February 7 1812 — June 9 1870) was one of the great English writers of the 19th century.
He was born in Portsmouth, England. His parents were John Dickens (1785-1851), a naval pay clerk, and Elizabeth Barrow (1789–1863).
At age five, Charles moved to Chatham. When Charles was ten years old, his family moved to Camden, London. He worked in a blacking factory there while his father went to prison for debt. Dickens's hard times in this blackening factory served as the base of ideas for many of his novels. Many like Oliver Twist soon became famous. When his uncle died and he inherited money, Charles's father paid off his debts and was released from prison. Charles did not like working and wished to stop working after his father was released. However, his mother said that the family needed the money so Charles was forced to continue working. Charles then finished his schooling, and got a job as an office boy for an attorney. After finding that job dull, he taught himself shorthand and became a journalist that reported on the government.
His first book was Sketches by Boz in 1836, a collection of the short pieces he had been writing for the Monthly Magazine and the Evening Chronicle. This was followed by The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club in 1837. Both these books became popular as soon as they were printed.
Among many other books we can mention Oliver Twist, David Copperfield, Little Dorritt and A Christmas Carol.
Charles Dickens died on June 9, 1870 and was buried in Poet's Corner in Westminster Abbey.Charles Dickens - hledat v googlu: Charles Dickens, obrázky v googlu: Charles Dickens
Big Ben is the nickname of a bell that rings in the clock tower at the northern end of the Houses of Parliament in Westminster, London, England. Officially, the tower itself is called the Clock Tower, Palace of Westminster. However, most people, including those that live in London, call the tower "Big Ben," because of its very large bell which weighs 13 tons.
Big Ben is the second bell in the tower. The first was damaged in 1856, due to a miscalculation.
Big Ben is one of London's best-known landmarks. Some believe it got its name from Sir Benjamin Hall. It is the world's largest four-faced chiming clock. The clock alone weighs about 5 tons. The figures on the clock face are about 2 feet long and the minute spaces are 1 foot long. It took 13 years to build and it was completed in 1859. The tower is roughly 16 stories high.
A waffle is made from batter that consists of flour, water, baking powder, oil, and eggs. It has a gridlike appearance because it is cooked in between two hot metal plates in an electric kitchen appliance called a waffle iron. Waffles are cooked until they become golden-brown in color, with a crispy outer texture and a soft interior. Waffles are served as a breakfast or as a dessert, and they are usually served with sweet sauces or toppings.
In North America, waffles are often eaten for breakfast on weekends or holidays. Freshly-baked waffles are topped with maple syrup and served with breakfast sausages, eggs, orange juice, and hot coffee.
As a dessert
In Belgium, France, and the French-speaking Canadian province of Quebec, waffles are often served as a dessert, after dinner. Freshly-baked waffles are topped with sweet toppings such as chocolate syrup, bananas, strawberries, or whipped cream.
The name outback describes the remote areas of Australia. The outback is not a defined area, it is only a term used to refer to locations that are far away from big cities. The fertile parts are known as Rangelands and have been traditionally used for sheep or cattle farming. Agriculture, tourism and mining are the main economic activities in this vast and sparsely settled area.
Over 90% of the Australian population lives in urban areas on the coast. There have been various attempts at creating settlements for Australian Aborigines to live traditionally, with more or less success.
Medicine in the outback
Because of the expanses and remoteness in the outback a unique service, The Flying Doctor, was created in 1928. The aim of the service is to provide medical care to people who can't reach hospitals or other doctors. Consultations are carried out via radio or telephone and for serious situations, doctors are flown out to the patients.
Organised travels with a guide to the outback are popular, although some Australian and international tourists travel in their own cars. Such a trip, especially off the few big roads in the outback, requires very good planning and a suitable vehicle (usually four wheel drive). On remote routes considerable supplies and equipment are required. Some big trips can't be undertaken safely without a convoy of several vehicles. Deaths of tourists are regular occurrences because many people are not well-prepared for their outback trip.
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